The Adjective

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The Adjective is a notional part of speech expressing quality of substance. The main syntactical function of an adjective in the sentence is that of an attribute. e.g. It was a sunny day. The snow fell in large, fluffy flakes. Little Dorothy became a very good dressmaker. The adjective may also be used as a predicative in the nominal (compound) predicate: e.g. The day was sunny. The snowflakes were large and fluffy. The adjective is modified by an adverb which has the syntactical function of an adverbial modifier to the adjective: e.g. Are you quite ready? It is rather chilly today. In Old English Adjectives were inflected for case, number and gender, agreeing with the noun they modified. But in the course of time these inflexions…show more content…
(O’Henry “The Ransom of the Red Chief” p.13) -ous e.g. Well, the whole area’s rather drab, absolutely hideous, the villages are all colourless. This was the most stupendous view from the mountain we have ever seen. It contained inhabitants of as undeleterious and self-satisfied a class of peasantry as ever clustered around a Maypole. (O’Henry “The Ransom of the Red Chief” p.1) -y e.g. I always look shabby and scruffy and of course I’m a really a clumsy dancer. We had really ghastly excursions there. It was, as Bill afterward expressed it, "during a moment of temporary mental apparition"; but we didn't find that out till later. (O’Henry “The Ransom of the Red Chief” p.1) There are also some word-building prefixes such as: -un-,-in-,-im-,-ir-. e.g. Susan felt herself really unhappy because of her incorrect decision, everything went irregular in her life and it was practically impossible to stay calm in such state. Jim stopped inside the door, as immovable as a setter at the scent of quail. (O’Henry “The Gift of the Magi” p.28) And here I have lamely related to you the uneventful chronicle of two foolish children in a flat who most unwisely sacrificed for each other the greatest treasures of their house. (O’Henry “The Gift of the Magi” p.26) 2. Adjectives make our speech more expressive and precise. The role of adjectives is especially great in fiction. The following descriptive passage demonstrates it e.g. A brilliant moon rose above the craggy tops of
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