The Advantage Of Social Class

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The Advantage of Social Class in Education
Lower class students have been oppressed by a social and educational system that perpetuates poverty in working class families, while more privileged students are given unfair advantage, and opportunities to become leaders in society, just because they were born to families of higher economic means. While education is thought of as something that is supposed to provide students with the skills to shape a better future, sometimes it serves as a tool to adapt them to their role in society. In Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Brazilian teacher and educational reformer, Paulo Freire defines two concepts of education: the banking system, in which students are seen as containers into which knowledge is deposited, and the problem-posing system, in which students and teachers participate in a dialogue in order to create knowledge together. Friere describes the banking system as such, “In the banking concept of education, knowledge is a gift bestowed on those who consider themselves knowledgeable upon those they consider know nothing. Projecting an absolute ignorance onto others, a characteristic of the ideology of oppression, negates education and knowledge as processes of inquiry” (Friere 210). This is in comparison to the problem-posing system which “regards dialogue as indispensable to the act of cognition which unveils reality” and “makes [students] critical thinkers” (219). Nearly a decade after Friere’s publication, concerned about the
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