The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Nuclear Energy In India

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India has a vigorously growing and largely indigenous nuclear power programme. India as a fastest developing country in the world needs to meet its energy demand to keep its growth trajectory upward. Energy security is one of the important factors, which decides the economic health of the nation. The first thing, which India needs to work on to become a developed nation, is to meet the electricity demand. It is estimated that nuclear power can help India in meeting its energy deficit. The paper throws light on the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy, and its potential in India. The upcoming nuclear projects in India will address the electricity demand in a large way. Nuclear energy is always associated with negative notions specially related to its safety. Nuclear energy plays the major role in tackling the global issue of climatic change by reducing the emission of carbon. 1.…show more content…
India, as on December 31, 2015 has total 284303 MW installed capacity of electricity. In which thermal, hydro, nuclear and renewable energy sources constitute of 69.8, 15.0, 2.0, 13.2 percentage respectively [1]. This as per World Bank estimate is accessible to 78.7% of population [2]. All the energy production technologies are associated with some advantages as well as disadvantages, which could be in terms of environment, cost, safety, efficiency. Nuclear power thus comes with its own set of positives and negatives. The accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear plant in Japan March 2011 was an alarming event in the world, which led to question of safety on every nuclear reactor in the world, and was an added factor for opposition to construct the nuclear reactor [3]. Apart from the safety issues, nuclear energy is a very clean source of energy as it has very few Green House Gases (GHG) emissions, and in this changing
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