The Advantages of Coral Reefs for Human

1530 Words Jul 29th, 2012 7 Pages
The Advantages of Coral Reef for Human

Coral reefs are among the most ancient of earth`s natural wonders. It is because they are the most biologically diverse ecosystem on the planet. Coral reefs are second only to the great rain forest of the world. Coral reefs are aptly and often referred to as “rain forest of the sea”, because of the diversity marine creatures that llived in coral reef.
Many people mistakenly think of coral reef as inanimate rock formations, however coral reefs are actually comprised of living creatures known as coral polyps. Coral reef has various species that produce unique types of coral structures with different colours and textures, such as soft,flexible sea fan, or the hard coral. The difference
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In fact, it is the largest structure on Earth built by living things: corals. Almost 3.000 individual reefs stretching approximately 1.300 miles along the northeast coast of Australia. Off course there are many amazing variety of marine life and reef habitat reside there, like dolphins, turtles, the sea cow (dugong), and sometimes there are also whales. In fact, there are two millions people visit and dive there each year.
Besides The Great Barrier Reef, there is also Palau Archipelago. Palau is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean composed by around 343 islands, which is surrounded by seas and coasts and considered as wonder of the Underwater World. Palau is one of the greatest diving spots of the Earth. It is located to the southwest of Micronesia to 800 Kilometers (around 500 miles) of the Philippines. According to many scientists Palau is the most biologically diverse coral reef of the world. Sea biologists have found 700 coral species and over 1500 fish species in the reefs of Palau. Some of the most famous species that live in this underwater universe are: yellow butterfly fish, blue-headed wrasses, trunk fish, emperor angelfish-black, Ngemelis corals, anemones, giant clams (whose bodies measure until one meter), red and green brittle stars, shellfish, big cuttlefish, octopus, squids, the bizarre crocodille-fish, sea turtles, dolphins, whales, sea cow, and etc. All these species of fish
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