The African American Civil Rights Movement In The US

Decent Essays
The African American Civil Rights Movement was a fight for racial justice, desegregation and against discrimination. Even after 100 years of the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans were living in a segregated and unequal society. They became tired of the injustice and started to get organized. The most common place to get together and express their discontent was in black churches, where Martin Luther King Jr., the leader of the movement, gave speeches to keep the people motivated. He encouraged non-violence tactics of protest; stating “And I want to say, that we are not here advocating violence. I want it to be known throughout Montgomery and throughout this nation that we are Christian people.” (King, 1955) Continuing, “We believe…show more content…
Although it was a long fight, the movement met their objectives. After the Cold War, the spread of communism scared all democratic nations, including the United States. In result of the Strategy of Containment, in 1955 the U.S. sent troop to Vietnam to prevent the communist government of North Vietnam to take over South Vietnam. They thought that the war was going to be quick and easy. However, in the 1960s the number of young men drafted to go there, grew exponentially, making the American citizens anxious. An Anti-War movement gained respect when the students, leading the movement, were joined by professors, intellectuals, and labor unions. However, it gained strength when Vietnam veterans came home and claimed that there was nothing in South Vietnam that could threaten the United States of America (Kerry,…show more content…
Students and professors organized teach-ins, where they talked and explained their opinions and strategies to the public. With marches and the publicly burning of drafts, they gained much attention and credibility to make the changes they wanted. Subsequently, in 1971 the funding for the war was stopped as the Senate repealed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Afterward, U.S. withdrew the last troops from Vietnam, and the country converted to an all-volunteer military force, which marked the end of the draft. However, not all social movements were successful. The Iraq Anti-War Movement emerged during and after the invasion of Iraq. It all started when The United States went to war in Afghanistan, right after the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, in New York City. President Bush declared war on all terrorist and tyrant countries including Iran, Iraq, and North Korea. He stated “States like these, and their terrorist allies, constitute an axis of evil, arming to threaten the peace of the world. By seeking weapons of mass destruction, these regimes pose a grave and growing danger” (Bush,
Get Access