The African Bush Elephant Essay

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African Elephant The African Bush Elephant, Loxodonta has adapted to suit its harsh environment. They can be found in most of Zimbabwe and Botswana. The rainfall in Botswana mainly occurs in December, January and February which is the wet season. There is 600mm of rain in the north-east of Botswana and 200mm in the drier south-west. (Siyabona Africa, 2014, stated) Adaptations: Limbs Skeleton An elephant has a large skull to use as a weapon when competing with other elephants over territory or for the female elephants to protect their young from intruder elephants. Skin and thermoregulation: Elephant are thicked skin on some areas of the body, this is known as pachyderms. Their skin is up to 1 inch thick in most areas but…show more content…
Elephants have 8 molar teeth which work at any one time and they are located at the top and bottom of the mouth. The other 16 teeth they don’t use as they are worn, got rid of or aren’t ready to be used yet as they haven’t been made. They have enamel ridges in their teeth. The elephant’s lower jaw moves back and forth when they chew. Both sexes of elephant have two tusks, these are known as incisor teeth. Male tusks are well seen as they are long whereas female tusks are small and tucked inside a pocket in the jaw so have no use. Male tusks are used for fighting with another bull over the right to mate with another female and to defend their territory. Their also used for digging and foraging for food. Over the years evolution has taken place as male bulls tusks have dropped in size due to them being poached. Digestive System: Elephants are hindgut fermenters due to the surrounding foods which they consume being high in fibre such as shrubs, tree branches, bark, roots and soil, the large intestines reach up to 19 metres long including the enlarged caecum so that microorganisms within it can break down the cellulose in these foods. They have a large stomach to store the large amounts of vegetation which they consume. They eat tough, course plant matter, in order for this to be
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