The Aftermath Of World War I

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Following the aftermath of World War I, there was a general revulsion against the idea of armed conflict. With a desire to maintain peace, fifteen nations signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928. Additionally, the effects of the Great Depression forced many nations to turn inward and focus on domestic issues while military forces struggled to identify the next threat. Moreover, vast technological advancements increased the level of uncertainty as military leaders reconsidered the way of war. Consequently, the major powers emerged from the interwar period with great disparity. Although many factors interacted to effect peacetime innovation, none exerted a more dominating influence than the perceived threat, and military culture. Designed to prevent future aggression, the Treaty of Versailles dismantled the German military, stripping its ability to wage war. It reduced the army to 100,000 soldiers while the navy performed coastal defense. The treaty also forbade the possession of submarines, tanks, aircraft and other weaponry. Moreover, the “War Guilt” clause forced Germany to accept sole responsibility for the destruction created by World War I. Last, reparations further drained an already poor economy. When combined, the accumulative effects enabled popular discontentment and gave rise to fascism. For Germany, identifying the enemy was simple; they were surrounded. Accordingly, General Hans von Seeckt along with a select group of officers began to rebuild the
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