The Age Of Reason: The Enlightenment Period In The Classical Period

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According to Cambridge dictionary the Enlightenment was a period in the eighteenth century in Europe when many people began to emphasize the importance of science and reason, rather than religion and tradition. It was also known as the Age of Reason as it promoted the importance of individual thoughts with a focus on scientific thought and reason rather than tradition. This cultural movement is evident across all the arts; philosophy, science, literature and music. Baroque composers often had an exuberance in their music with energetic rhythms and melodies that spun out into long flowing lines with many ornaments such as trills with terraced dynamic compared to music of the Classical period which pieces are more balanced and composed in style…show more content…
This popularity with the public became an important feature of Classical music due to the enlightenment. With society moving away from tradition and church, the church previously would have been the main employer for both composers and musicians. But as wealthy patrons began sponsoring musicians and commissioning new pieces, the pieces began to be heard by the public and appreciated, therefore a new audience arose for musicians to preform concerts for the public. During the enlightenment there was a rise of a general public and a new modern audience for music emerged. These new public concerts and private teaching provide an income for musicians. With music beginning to be featured in magazines. Therefore simple, natural likeable pieces were popular and made it easy for the public to enjoy listening and going to concert, This rise of the general public was directly connect to the changes in the economic conditions of the…show more content…
In the Baroque period, a melody would normally be elaborated, challenging the performer to perform the technical demands of the piece. On the contrary, music in the eighteenth century featured melodies in more regular non-elaborate phrase structures that tended to be short with many cadences establishing the key. Music during the enlightenment should be natural and free of needless technical complications. Music was free from excess ornamentation and unnecessary technical difficulties. Mozart’s Sehnucht Nach Dem Fruhlinge k.596 epitomizes these features in a beautiful simple lyrical melody. Mozart uses clear four bar melody. The harmony is tonic and dominant chords. The piece is balanced with clear cadences. Mozart even modulates to a related key, the dominant A major. Modulations during the Classical period were less adventuress. Mostly moving to a related key mostly the dominant, following the ideas of the
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