The Age of Exploration Brought Many Changes to the World Essay example

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Many people would be surprised that the things they associate with certain countries are not native to those lands. Sugar was not originally grown in the Caribbean and cows are not indigenous to the United States. Before the Age of Exploration, a period lasting for centuries with long-extending effects, Europeans had not truly begun to explore Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Even with the fearless adventures of the Vikings, Polynesians, and Ming Chinese, no extreme, lasting difference was created. Once people began exploring outside of their own worlds, great social, political, and economic change was ushered in with the exchange and alteration of people, plants, animals, technology, diseases, religion, and political systems. To begin…show more content…
In the Spanish colonies, a system of slavery known as the encomienda was set in place. Under this policy, the native people were divided among settlers and required to do labor while the owners were required to Christianize the “barbaric” people. Furthermore, the mita system was also installed, while forced adult male indigenous people in a rotating cycle to work for multiple months at a time, at farms or mines or somewhere else that featured hard work. In South America, however, native people were easily susceptible to the diseases brought by the Europeans and were quick to die off in mass numbers. For this reason along with the fact African slaves were better suited for the working conditions and more culturally diverse thus less likely to be able to start an uprising, the importation of African slaves became widespread throughout the areas. The population of African peoples increased so much that it in many cases outnumbered the population of free inhabitants. Due to the great population, the diverse culture of the slaves has contributed greatly to the culture of the areas today. The results of this unprecedented mixture of people and cultures, nearly everyone had to change their ways of life. In French America, coureurs de bois, men who arrived looking to trap furs, would often ally with and wed native women
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