Now is the time to use the power of American diplomacy to pressure Iran to stop their illicit nuclear program, support for terrorism, and threats toward Israel. Obama and Biden will offer the Iranian regime a choice. If Iran abandons its nuclear program and support for terrorism, we will offer incentives like membership in the World Trade Organization, economic investments, and a move toward normal diplomatic relations. If Iran continues its troubling behavior, we will step up our economic pressure and political isolation. In carrying out this diplomacy, we will coordinate closely with our allies and proceed with careful preparation. Seeking this kind of comprehensive settlement with Iran is our best way to make
This coup was a crucial turning point in US-Iran relations. “Sixty years on, the coup continues to loom large in Iran 's national psyche and remains a thorn in the country 's relations with the West.” (Bezhan, 2013)
The White House’s information page clearly states that sanctions will be re-imposed on Iran if they engage in the following: development of ballistic missiles, continued support of terror, the action of de-stabilizing regions (Syria), and converting Iran currency into the US
The sanctions center around the country’s ballistic missile program has also claimed human rights abuses and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps(IRGC). The new law says the IRGC plays a large role in Iran’s international destabilization program, including terrorism and the ballistic missile program. The sanctions include the blocking property, exclusion from entering the US and pausing current transactions. However the Iranian government has accused the United States of Using the Sanctions to undermine the current nuclear deal. “President Trump has long criticized the agreement and vowed to pull the country out of it during his election campaign.”(CNN). Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Qasemi warned that “hostile” measures taken by the US would impact international relations and affairs.
Former President Ahmadinejad set Iran back years by putting Iran into extreme isolation from the international community. His continued badgering with the international community, eventually lead to a nuclear stand-off with world powers. With what seems to be the Ayatollah’s blessing, President Rouhani has so far shown promise to ease the country’s relations and assume a solution on the nuclear issue. “For Washington, meanwhile, the election offered stark confirmation that its strategy is working, at least to a point. The outcome confirmed that political will for a nuclear deal exists within the Islamic Republic. In other words, the path out of isolation and economic crisis is perilous, but Iran’s new president, who has sometimes been dubbed “the sheikh of diplomacy,” may just be the right man at the right moment to walk it.” (Maloney, 2013)
As economic hegemony and political and military superpower following WWII, the United States attempted to impose its will on many countries through the use of economic sanctions. There are many motivation prompting the use of sanction. First, it can be a proportional response to a challenge where the interests at stake are judged to be less than vital. Second, sanctions are a form of expression, to communicate official displeasure with a certain behavior or action . American reluctance to use military force is another motivation, especially in those instances where U.S. interests are not deemed sufficiently important to justify casualties and high financial costs. Third, the growth of congressional power helps explain the prevalence of economic
The U.S. and Iran used to have a great relationship back in the day. President Jimmy Carter even spent New Year 's Eve in 1977 with the Shah, and toasted Iran as "an island of stability in one of the more troubled areas of the world".(Bakhtavar) This just goes to show how close the two countries were at the time. But all that changed later into the 1970’s when a series of unfortunate events eventually lead to the complete deterioration of US and Iran relations. These events shifted U.S. Iran relations in a way that still impacts both countries. Even to this day the US have expressed their dislike of the Iranian regime. Similarly, the Iranian leaders have shown their dislike, more like hatred, for the United States. But that brings up the
However, the sanctions placed on Iran were placed there for a reason and that reason was because of “Iran’s continued illicit nuclear activities” (U.S. State Department) These economic sanctions were placed to hinder the attempt of Iran to build a nuclear bomb and now we are throwing away those sanctions that were in place to protect us.
Nuclear weapons have provided states with the firepower to deter attacks since the United States developed the first bombs in the 1940’s. Nation-states with the abilities to develop such weapons have solidified themselves atop the global hierarchy. Since few states have such weapons, it is naturally attention grabbing when a nation is revealed to be in the process of developing them. Iran began a nuclear program in the 1950’s with the help of the United States, who subsequently suspended aid after the Iranian Revolution in 1979 (Breachy and Sinha 1-3). After the monarchy was overthrown and replaced with a clerical Islamic government, many nations, especially the United States, began to fear that Iranians were using their nuclear program to create weapons of mass destruction (10-13). Over the years, sanctions from the United States, the European Union, and other central powers have crippled Iran’s economy. After the 2005 election of former President Ahmadinejad, who supported the Iranian Nuclear program and offended Israel by calling the Holocaust a myth (Vick), many great powers have begun to work with Iran in an attempt to retard its nuclear capabilities in return for a reduction of international sanctions. Many actors in these negotiations want different things. Iran’s ideal agreements have the sanctions against the country lifted while still maintaining the ability to develop nuclear weapons. This would allow Iran to boost its position at the expense of others in the
Following the November 1979’s Iran Hostage crisis the consecutive five administrations of the United States (from President Chatter to Obama) imposed sanctions on Iran, all in response to Iranian actions. Even though, at the beginning there was not serious opposition to the sanctions measures taken by the U.S, some U.S citizens and scholars were asking the morality of imposing sanctions on Iranian to pursue the U.S policy which have towards Iran because of its negative effect on the people.
Around 2003, the hidden Iranian plan of becoming a nuclear power and producing atomic bombs was revealed by a major opposition group: Mojahadeen. The U.S and other Western countries have been seriously discussing this matter with Iranian authorities after they verified the validity of the news. Iran has undergone billions dollars in expenses, in attempts to gain nuclear power. Generally, the main sanctions are divided into four different groups: U.S sanctions (Executive Order), European sanctions, UN sanctions, and sanctions imposed by the U.S congress. During the beginning years, the effect rate of sanctions weren 't very high until sanctions were imposed on Iran’s oil/energy sector and the banking system (Slavin, 2007).
SUMMARY: As of 26JUL17, major international players are warning the U.S. against imposing further sanctions on Russia, saying that doing so could further isolate America from the world community. EU President Jean-Claude Juncker issued a warning to the U.S. stating that the “bloc would act “within days” if it doesn’t get assurances that new sanctions wouldn’t significantly impact European interests. The economic bloc worries that American sanctions developed without their input could jeopardize the continent’s energy security.
“Since 2005, U.S. policymakers have increasingly turned to sophisticated types of economic sanctions as a foreign policy tool of first resort. From the development of banking sanctions limiting Iran’s ability to secure financing from Western capital markets to new sanctions targeting Russia’s financial system and the development of its oil resources, U.S. policymakers have touted these innovative tools as extremely powerful while also being tailored and precise.” (Feaver & Lorber, 2015)
In recent years, countries around the world have become increasingly concerned with Iran’s nuclear weapon capabilities. Iran currently has 19,000 centrifuges that process Uranium, enough to manufacture powerful nuclear bombs that it could potentially use against western countries (Tirone). When questioned about its motive for having nuclear capabilities, Iran has insisted that it only plans to use such technology for peaceful purposes and wants to enjoy the “right” to nuclear development (Tirone). Their reasoning may be legitimate; nuclear technology may lead to cleaner, cheaper energy. However, western countries have had growing suspicions of Iran’s motives for holding nuclear capabilities due to Iran’s bellicose past. This has created tensions between Iran
Still, Iran continuously denies that its nuclear objectives are to construct atomic weapons, but a large majority of the international community remains skeptical to the legitimacy of this claim due to the secrecy of Iran’s productions and their refusal to cooperate with the IAEA on several notable occasions. However, in defense over the concerns pertaining to the secrecy of Iran’s program, Iran’s former ambassador to the United Nations, Mohammed Javad Zarif, claims Western tension and dwindling support for Iran’s early nuclear energy programs forced Tehran with no choice but to continue their nuclear activities in a discreet matter. Zarif wrote in Colombia University’s Journal of International Affairs, “To avoid the