The Agricultural And Food Sciences

1713 Words Sep 25th, 2014 7 Pages
UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES
Internationally Educated Agrologists Post-Baccalaureate Diploma Program (IEAP)

AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA

AGRI 4000-PRACTICING THE PROFESSION OF AGROLOGIST
Nathaniel Akinkunmi
7764897

Introduction
The agriculture industry in Nigeria has opportunities that are not maximized due to challenges it is facing.
Background
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of 177,155,754 and was governed by the British government till October 1st, 1960 when Nigeria gained independence. The Capital of Nigeria is Abuja located in the centre of the country. Nigeria is located in West Africa between Benin and Cameroon. Natural resources include natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc and arable land of 38.97% of land use. Nigeria is slightly more than twice the size of California and Africa’s largest economy with estimated 2013 GDP at US$502 billion. Unemployment rate is likely lower than 10% (The World Bank, 2014). Population below poverty line is 70% (CIA, 2013-14).
Nigeria constitutes 47% of West Africa population and the biggest oil exporter in Africa with the largest natural gas reserves in the continent. Before the oil boom in 1970s, Nigeria was one of the world’s leading producers of cocoa, palm oil and palm kernel, groundnuts, cotton, rubber, hides and skin. Although oil is one of Nigeria’s valuable assets, a large percentage of the people are living in…
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