The American Army in the Mexican War

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During the 19th century, the United States had two armies. Authorized by congress in 1789, the first was the standing army called as U.S. army. This force consisted of officers commissioned by Congress and men who joined for a five year period. In 1792. Congress created an auxiliary army called as militia. The U.S. army was a national force while the militia was the armies of various states. The militia could be called for federal service: to execute the laws, to suppress insurrections, and to repel invasions. This two level arrangement formed the basis of military establishment during the war. The U.S. army was not prepared for the war. The congress authorized 8613 men and officers for the war but, the actual number was fewer than 5500.…show more content…
An 11000 man force was commanded by General President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. It was an amalgamation units of central Mexico, Army of the north and remnants of defeated Veracruz garrison. Acapulco to Mexico City was guarded by 3000 man army of the south. A 3800man contingent rounded out the valley campaign’s force structures. Lacking established government depots, the Mexican soldiers got supplies from nearby communities. The soldier’s wives and girlfriends accompanied the campaign. They helped the army by sewing, cooking and ministering to the sick and wounded of the both the armies. ROLE OF MEDIA The war between United States and Mexico witnessed use of technological innovations at the strategic level. This was more evident in communication. Mounted couriers carried battle reports and were dispatched safely inside sandbags. In the period from 1821 to 1854, steamboats, railroads, and telegraphs advanced critical communications at speed beyond imagination. Tactical communications for armies remained unchanged. Drums and flags marked the progress of units. Unit at distant places received written or verbal orders delivered by the officers. The volunteer messenger formed the critical link between the commander and his command. A typical Mexican newspaper followed a standard format during the war. The local, national and international news were covered in various sections. Letters written by the public to the editors and an editorial page were
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