The American Civil War

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The American Civil War, also known as the Civil War, lasted from 1861 to 1865. The war was to determine the survival of the union, or independence for the confederate states. Some would argue that slavery was the principle cause of the war. After much research, I believe the war started because of the misunderstandings, and conflicts between the North and South. Slavery, however, was one of the main purposes. The North and South had economic and social differences causing many disagreements. They argued about state and federal rights, expansion of slave states, the Abolition Movement, and the election of Abraham Lincoln. The economic and social differences between the North and South made many people discontent. In the North the Federalists favored a strong federal government. The Federalists were ran by George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and John Adams. Their economic policy favored trade and manufacturing. The ideal citizen was the small businessmen. As for foreign policy, they favored Great Britain. In the South, Republicans favored a weak federal government, but strong states. The Republicans were ran by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Their economic policy favored agriculture. The ideal citizen would be small farmers, and they favored France when it came to foreign policy. The industrial sector driven economy of the North was much better than the agriculture driven economy of the South (Naik 1). The South wanted Slavery for their plantations, and the North

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