The American Museum of Natural History: Anthropology

1866 Words Oct 8th, 1999 8 Pages
The American Museum of Natural History: Anthropology

The American Museum of Natural History has many exhibits that demonstrate many aspects of anthropology. The Museum is located on Central Park
West between W81st and W77nd streets. The museum is an excellent place to open oneself to many new ideas and cultures. When looking through the museum the exhibits that are anthropological could enhance ones understanding of a culture.
The museum is very big and a lot of time is needed to get the most out of it.
The following exhibits that demonstrate many aspects of anthropology are located on the first, second and third floors. The first floor has American Northwest
Coast Peoples, Eskimos, Human Biology and Evolution. The second floor had
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Aztecs our very popular for their monuments and stone sculptures.
Their most popular monument is this stone of the sun known as the calender stone. It includes allthe elements of a calendrical system, but it is not a calender.
All the symbols on this calender stone relate to the sun and accent. It also expains the role of the sun in the aztecs belief and culture. The aztec preform many rituals that have been drawn on the stone. In the museum they colored in parts of the stone to explain what the deseigns meant. Look at the picture in the back to fully understand this. The orange part of the stone, which is the face in the middle, is the sun god ( Tonatiuh ). The yellow orange, which surrounds the sun god, is cosmogonic myths of the Aztecs. The blue, which is just outside the myths, is emblems referring to the four cardinal directions.
The pink, which is outside the cardinal directions, is the 20 day signs of the
260 day ritual calender. The yellow, which is located after the ritaul calender, is the disc of the sun. The red, which is the end of the stone, is 2 fire serpents. The green, the last design on the stone, is the date " 13 need " which is supposed to be the birth of the sun. This stone expresses the great beliefs the aztecs had for the sun. They were a people of great design and expression for their culture. Also in the same exhibit of the aztec stone was the Colossal Olmer Head.
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