The American Psychiatric Association 's Dsm V ( 2013 )

1702 WordsApr 13, 20177 Pages
Introduction As the opioid epidemic takes hold throughout American’s rural counties, public health departments are struggling to mitigate the health threats presented by substance abuse and addiction. While detailed longitudinal data is unavailable, many areas that report increased rates of drug abuse also report increased hospital admissions and accidental deaths. While the relationship between these outcomes is not explicit, it is important to implement interventions that address health issues related to drug related injuries. The first, ACHESS, an employee assistance program, utilizes organizational resources to empower employees to seek recovery assistance. The second, Project DAWN, focuses on harm reduction strategies to assist…show more content…
Social network actors can also influence user behavior through everyday interactions and behavioral modeling (Bandura, 2001; Perdue et al., 2013). Between 2000 and 2013, opioid overdoses in the United States quadrupled (CDC, 2016b). More specifically, Ohio’s Scioto County reported 58 overdose deaths per 100,000 of the population (County Health Rankings, 2017). Ohio exceeds the national average in emergency room visits, with 891,000 admittances in 2013 alone (Ohio Governor’s Office of Health Transformation, 2013). Scioto County sits within the highest tier of affected areas along with metropolitan areas, and exceeds the average rate of premature age-adjusted mortality among population members younger than 75 (County Health Rankings, 2017; Ohio Governor’s Office of Health Transformation, 2013). Longitudinal data explicitly capturing the relationship between drug abuse and hospitalizations is scant, thereby indicating a need for more effective data-keeping, as well as improved emergency responses for rural populations (Unick, Rosenblum, & Ciccarone, 2013; Rudd et al., 2016). Evidence-based interventions ACHESS: Drug Free Workplace
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