The Americas Essay

1369 WordsJul 30, 20136 Pages
Unit 7- Essay: The Americas The Aztecs and Inca people had many issues and concerns when they came in contact with the European people. In this essay I will be comparing the issues, and concerns of Aztec and Inca cultures to their contacts with the Europeans. Some of the issues that I will be discussing are from the time period that covered roughly the 1400’s to roughly around the 1500’s. The Aztecs were American Indian people who ruled a mighty empire in Mexico from the 1400’s to 1500’s. In the late fourteenth century, the Inkas were a very small community in the area of Cuzco, a city located at an altitude of 10,000 feet in the mountains of Southern Peru (Pg. 181, Dukier). The lives of the people in these two cultures were forever…show more content…
Others say some people ate the bodies of the victims as a form of protein. The Aztec occupied virtually all of Mesoamerica. In the city of Tenochtitlan, there were 60,000 households and total population was around 500,000.(eCore online notes). As for politics , the Aztec state was authoritarian. Power was vested in the monarch, whose authority had both a divine and a secular character( Dukier, pg. 176). Social structure in the Aztec community were noblemen, senior officials, commoners , indentured workers and slaves. Gender roles in the Aztec culture were male children were trained for war and were expected to serve in the army on reaching adulthood. Women on the other hand were expected to work in the home, weave textiles, and raise children. They were also permitted to enter priesthood (Dukier, pg. 177-178). Although the Aztecs lived their lives in a very regimented way from day to day. They were also vulnerable. Little did they know, what they were up against, their emperor Montezuma allowed himself to be used as a puppet by Hernan Cortes, who set to take over the city of Tenochtitlan. When Cortes and his men entered the city, they came bearing gifts “They gave [the Spaniards] golden banners of precious feathers, and golden necklaces. And when they had given the things to them, they seemed to smile, to rejoice and to be very happy”( Bernardino de Sahagun, General History of the things of New Spain ). “They came lifting up the golden
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