The Anatomy And Physiology Of The Heart

1675 WordsAug 19, 20167 Pages
The aim of this report is to provide an overview of chronic heart failure, examining signs symptoms and treatment related to the case study, medical history. The anatomy and physiology of the heart will be discussed, and the pathophysiology of chronic heart failure. Heart failure is a general term used to describe several types of cardiac dysfunction that result in inadequate perfusion of tissue with vital blood-borne nutrients. Most causes of heart failure result from dysfunction of the left ventricle. The size of the heart is approximately the size of a persons closed fist. The weight is less than a pound, the heart is snugly enclosed within the Infer mediastinum, and the medial section of the thoracic cavity, the heart is flanked on each side by the lungs. The heart is made of four heart chambers. The upper half of the heart has two atria, and the lower half of your heart has two ventricles. The ventricles pump blood to your organs and tissues, and the atria receive blood as it circulates back from the rest of your body. (Marieb, 2014) Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic progressive condition that affects the pumping power of your heart muscles, by coronary atherosclerosis. While often referred to simply as “heart failure,” CHF specifically refers to the stage in which fluid builds up around the heart and causes it to pump inefficiently. (Craft, Gordon, Tiziani, & Huether, 2011) The heart acts as a double pump, each side can fail independently of the other. If

More about The Anatomy And Physiology Of The Heart

Open Document