The And Background Of Nightingale

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One could argue, that the evolution of nursing began with Florence Nightingale. She has been awarded the title of the founder of modern day nursing, and many of the practices she implemented in an effort to improve patient care, has molded nursing practice into what is it today. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the credentials and background of Nightingale, review her environmental adaptation theory, and identify sources of her theory. We will also state the major concepts/definitions of the theory as well as provide major assumptions of said theory. Credentials and Background of Florence Nightingale When you think of nursing, Florence Nightingale is the name that gets brought up the most. Florence Nightingale is considered…show more content…
Cherry and Jacob state that Nightingale “introduced principles of asepsis and infection control, a system for transcribing physician’s orders, and a procedure to maintain patient records” (Cherry & Jacob, 2014, p. 8). Florence Nightingale also established the first nursing school in 1860 at the St. Thomas’ Hospital of London (Cherry & Jacob, 2014). Not only is Nightingale the founder of professional nursing, she is also recognized for contributing to nursing research, involvement in political activism, and for her establishment to provide formal nursing education to pursing nurses (Cherry & Jacob, 2014). Nightingale’s Environmental Adaptation Theory Florence Nightingale is very well known for transforming nursing in general as we know it. She viewed nursing as an art and educated nurses the proper practice of professional nursing. Her theory of practice focused on environmental adaptation that served as the foundation for promoting health (Cherry & Jacob, 2014, p. 80). Nightingale believed that a patient’s health and healing process was greatly affected by their surrounding environment. She described that ventilation, warmth, noise, diet, light, chattering hopes, and cleanliness were the standards of her theory (Cherry & Jacob, 2014, p. 81). Nightingale stated, “keeping the
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