The And Formation Of Chemical Substances

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Metabolism
Definition:
The break down and formation of chemical substances in the body that is needed for energy, for formation and breakdown of tissues and cells, and to maintain homeostasis of the body.
Concept Key Terms: • Adrenal: endocrine glands that are located on top of the kidneys and are responsible for several hormones like aldosterone, corticosteroids,
• Aldosterone: hormone secreted from the adrenal gland to signal the kidneys to retain sodium from the excretion
• Autocrine: a hormone that is released and acts on the cells that released it
• Calcitonin: hormone release by the thyroid to help with calcium absorption to lower blood calcium and phosphates
• Chvostek sign: a test for hypocalcemia where you tap on the patient’s
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• Glucagon: hormone responsible for keeping blood glucose levels normal by stimulating the gluconeogenesis or glucogenolysis
• Glucocorticoid: hormone produced in the cortex of adrenal glands
• Glycogen: the stored form of glucose in the liver
• Gluconeogenesis: the process in the liver where glucose is made from substances other than carbohydrates which can be released into the blood or stored as glycogen
• Growth hormone: hormone made and released from the anterior pituitary gland and acts on several targets that stimulates growth and regulates metabolism
• Hormone: a chemical substance that is released by an organ or gland to act on another organ or gland or itself to stimulate or inhibit a response.
• Humoral: refers to chemicals that are found in the blood or body fluids that can aid in immunity or create or inhibit a response
Insulin: hormone made in the pancreas that is necessary for glucose to get into each cell in the body
• Mineralocorticoid: steroid made by the adrenal gland
• Osmolarity: the concentration of sodium, potassium, urea, and glucose in plasma expressed as mmol/L
• Osmolality: the concentration of sodium, potassium, glucose, and urea in plasma expressed as mmol/kg
• Paracrine: gland that releases a hormone that acts on cells within the gland the gland
• Parathyroid: a gland on the dorsal side of the thyroid gland that is
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