The And Formation Of Chemical Substances

2697 Words Nov 6th, 2014 11 Pages
Metabolism
Definition:
The break down and formation of chemical substances in the body that is needed for energy, for formation and breakdown of tissues and cells, and to maintain homeostasis of the body.
Concept Key Terms: • Adrenal: endocrine glands that are located on top of the kidneys and are responsible for several hormones like aldosterone, corticosteroids,
• Aldosterone: hormone secreted from the adrenal gland to signal the kidneys to retain sodium from the excretion
• Autocrine: a hormone that is released and acts on the cells that released it
• Calcitonin: hormone release by the thyroid to help with calcium absorption to lower blood calcium and phosphates
• Chvostek sign: a test for hypocalcemia where you tap on the patient’s face in the temple are at the mandibular joint which is where the facial nerve is located to test for muscle spasms in the face, lips, and nose
• Cortisol: the stress hormone that is released from the cortex of the adrenal glands based on a diurnal cycle of ACTH and helps with glucose levels and immune function
• Endocrine: glands that include thyroid, adrenal and pituitary gland, ovaries, testes that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
• Epinephrine/norepinephrine: catecholamines of the sympathetic nervous system, norepinephrine is produced at the nerve terminal and then norepinephrine is made into epinephrine in the adrenal gland
• Estrogen: female hormone produced in the ovaries responsible for female sex organs and secondary sex…
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