The And Its Effects On The World

1563 Words Nov 5th, 2015 7 Pages
Superbugs are various strains of bacteria that have become resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics. This resistance has stemmed from the populations overuse or misuse of unnecessary medication and it is allowing various bacteria to become unbeatable to some of today’s most potent antibiotics. An alarming statistic that was recently released, “23,000 people are killed every year out of the 2 million who are be infected by these superbugs” (NIH Feb. 2014). Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases (ESBLs) are currently one of the leading superbugs in the world; with a skyrocketing mortality rate and plummeting choices of antibiotics to treat the infections caused by this bacterium, the clock is ticking to find this superbug’s Achilles tendon.
The first microorganism, which can potentially produce ESBLs, is Klebsiella pneumoniae. This microorganism is most commonly found living in water and soil. Common sites for K. pneumoniae colonization in humans are the gastrointestinal tract, eyes, respiratory tract, and urogenital tract. The second microorganism, which can potentially produce ESBLs, is Klebsiella oxytoca. Similar to K. pneumonia, this microorganism is most commonly found living in water and soil. Common sites for K. oxytoca colonization in humans are the mouth, skin, and intestinal tract. The third organism, which can potentially produce ESBLs, is Escherichia coli. This microorganism occurs widely throughout nature. A common site for E. coli colonization in the body is the…
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