The And Medicinal Purposes Of Ginger

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Zingiber officinale, commonly known as Ginger, is a prevalent kitchen spice that has both been used for dietary and medicinal purposes around the world. A member of the Zingiberacae family, ginger is a flowering plant that is said to have originated in India, but was harvested to extinction. It is now cultivated predominately in India, China, and Jamaica. Although this is a flowering herb, the root or “rhizome” of the plant is regularly utilized for cooking or for medicinal purposes. The powder of the rhizome is often made into a tonic that is consumed by the patient. Ginger has been used traditionally in various cultures as a remedy for a number of different conditions. In Bone and Mills (2013), it is stated that ginger has been…show more content…
812). The anti-inflammatory factors of 6- gingerol are key in the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis. In addition, 6-gingerol is a phenol that is rapidly metabolized in comparison to the rates of other isolated components of the ginger rhizome. The metabolism rate of the compound has been documented at about 30 minutes (Benzie & Watchel-galor, 2011, Ch.7 p.6). The concentration of the phenol is also found to be higher within the tissue when compared to plasma. The combination of a high metabolism rate and tissue concentration levels makes 6-gingerol the most bioactive component within the ginger rhizome. The highest concentration of 6-gingerol can be found in the gastrointestinal tract (Benzie & Watchel-galor, 2011, p. 6). This is important when considering treatment of GI conditions using ginger. Ulcerative colitis is an idiopathic, chronic inflammatory condition that is characterized by the inflammation of the colon and rectum. This is a disorder that affects the innermost layer of the colon, known as the mucosal layer. Similar to other inflammatory bowel diseases, ulcerative colitis results from abnormal and increased activation of the intestinal immune system. The increased presence of the inflammatory mediators within the tissue leads to the disruption of the mucosa and ultimately ulceration of the tissues( El-Abhar, Hammad, and
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