The And Reason For Jared Diamond 's Literary Work Guns, Germs, And Steel : The Fates Of

1588 Words7 Pages
Summer Supplemental Reading Assignment
2015-2016
Questions and Answers

A. Yali’s question is the pioneer and reason for Jared Diamond’s literary work Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. The book becomes the answer to this inquiry started by the curious mind of Yali, a New Guinean politician who had come across Jared Diamond in 1972. In their conversation, Yali had simply asked Diamond “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?” The white peoples’ large amount of cargo represents large amounts of wealth and power concentrated in only the more developed countries of the modern world, and the black peoples’ little cargo applies to
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Pizarro, a Spanish conquistador, therefore becomes perfectly exemplifies the proven resourcefulness needed in the conquest of the New World because his attack used all the following elements:
- The first element that gave Spaniards an advantage was brought by their own people. Pizarro’s men were not the first to have come to the Americas. These previous Europeans had brought deadly infectious diseases, such as influenza, measles, and typhus, with them that spread from tribe to tribe and killed 95% of the Native American population faster than the conquistadors. Smallpox had been the specific infection that caused the death an Inca emperor, his court, and his heir. Because of this, a civil war for the control of the leaderless Incas caused separation between Atahuallpa and his allies which proves how disease transmitted to peoples lacking immunity by invaders with immunity decreased populations and aided the Spanish conquistadors take over.
- The next helpful element was the Spanish’s most trusty companion, the horse. The Europeans had already domesticated the animal and turned it into a tool of warfare when they introduced it to the Native Americans. In battles, the cavalry had increased maneuverability and speed of attack, a higher and therefore more protected area in the fight, and could terrorize and leave the soldiers on foot and in the open
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