The Antebellum World View: Assumptions About Slavery Held by Many Southerners

939 WordsJan 31, 20124 Pages
The Antebellum World View: Assumptions about Slavery held by many Southerners After the end of the Revolutionary War in 1783, issues arose concerning the institution of slavery in the Americas. Most of the inhabitants in the North wanted abolition of the slave trade and of slavery, but there were many who opposed this view, primarily in the Southern States below Virginia. Pro-slavery apologists contributed many different view-points of the argument for slavery. Edmund Ruffin defends slavery from an economic view, Josiah Nott from a scientific view, Thornton Stringfellow from a theological view, George Fitzhugh from a sociological view, John C. Calhoun from a political view, and James Hammond and Edward Pollard from a philosophical and…show more content…
He also discusses the idea that equality of races would end all progress towards power and wealth as a nation. Calhoun also agrees with Fitzhugh’s ideas that Africans are better off as slaves than as a working class, because they are created to do labor. He also states that because each state has its equal rights, abolition would be against the government. And finally, Calhoun argues that the way things are between master and slave is the best way to co-exist as a two distinctly different races. The thing that makes Calhoun’s arguments so powerful is because of his political status as a vice president and his position in the U.S. House of Representatives and in the House of the Senate. A philosophical and racial defense of slavery was established by James H. Hammond and Edward Pollard. They based their argument off of four main points. First that we will always need a working class and without them civilization wouldn’t be able to progress and refine. Second that Africans are inferior by nature and that God put blacks on the earth to be slaves for the white man. Third that slavery eliminates poverty by giving the lowest class food, shelter, and protection and providing them with jobs, there is less competition for employment and the lowest class is always working. Fourth and finally that slaves are happy. Hammond supports his theory that slaves are happy with stories of “happy” slaves and
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