The Anthrax Of The 1900 ' Two Scientists, Jules Bordet And Octave Gengou
1337 WordsApr 24, 20176 Pages
Arkansas Northeastern College
28 March 2017
In the early 1900’s two scientists, Jules Bordet and Octave Gengou, discovered the first bacterium in the Bordetella genus. The genus was named after Bordet. The bacteria within the Bordetella genus are Gram-negative and rod-shaped. These bacteria are typically coccobacilli (coccoid) (Finger). These bacteria usually occur either in pairs or are single. They have a thin murein layer surrounded by an outer membrane containing lipopolysaccharide and phospholipids, and they do produce a capsule (Bordetella, 2010). All the species apart from B. petrii are obligate aerobes as well as highly fastidious. The Bordetella bacteria are…show more content…
The bacteria can immobilize the cilia. These ciliated cells increasingly are destroyed, the lack of cilia allows foreign matter to build in the lower airways, and coughing and inflammation results (Bordetella, 2010) .
B. pertussis is the causative agent for whooping cough, an acute respiratory infection marked by severe, spasmodic coughing episodes (Bordetella Species, 2004). B. pertussis is spread by direct contact with droplets from coughing by an infected person. It can continue to transmit the bacteria three weeks after coughing spells have stopped. Whooping cough can be carried by individuals who are immune and transmitted to those who are not. The epidemic cycles in most countries is every few years (Bordetella pertussis, 2007).
The species B. pertussis, whooping cough, is the respiratory disease in humans. A person infected with this disease usually first shows symptoms such as runny noses, sneezing, fever, and mild coughing. The coughing then worsens and comes in bursts. At the end of cough, the infected person takes in air with a high-pitched “whoop” from which the infection gets its name (Tortora 681). Complications of whooping cough can lead to convulsions, dehydration, inflammation of the middle ear, a loss of appetite, as well as seizures, and in a worst-case scenario this can cause death in infants. Treatment of whooping cough can include an antibiotic treatment usually with erythromycin, increased fluids, as well as