The Anxiety Of Depression And Depression

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Lots of people everyday experience mood changes in their lives. They feel happy or energetic when things are going their way. Maybe Sam got a bonus at work or Elias caught a peek of the pretty girl he has been crushing on for weeks. They feel sad or dismayed when things are not going their way. Possibly Chris’s laptop went shot or Danielle just found out her favorite sister has cancer. These feelings are normal and usually do not last very long. When feelings of intense sadness or feelings or extreme elation last for a long time and they interfere with normal functioning they are considered to be mood disorders such as depression or mania (Comer, 2011, p. 193). Depression is a sad, low state where life seems dark and overwhelming (Comer,…show more content…
194). Unipolar depression may be caused by a greater number of stressful life events in the weeks leading up to the onset of the disorder (Comer, 2011, p. 197). Certain drugs and diseases are known to produce mood changes (Comer, 2011, p. 198). Genetic research suggests that some people may inherit a predisposition to unipolar depression (Comer, 2011, p. 198). Biochemical research suggests that chemicals in the brain, brain circuits, and the body’s endocrine system may all play a role in causing unipolar depression (Comer, 2011, pp. 199-200). Symptoms of unipolar depression include fatigue or loss of energy almost every day, a depressed mood during most of the day, especially in the morning, feelings of worthlessness or guilt almost every day, indecisiveness or impaired concentration, diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities nearly every day, insomnia or hypersomnia almost every day, recurring thoughts of death or suicide, significant weight gain or weight loss, and a sense of being slowed down or restlessness (WebMD, 2012). According to the DSM-IV-TR, at least five of these symptoms must be present for a period of at least two weeks for a major depressive episode to be diagnosed (Comer, 2011, p. 197). Episodes may also include delusions or hallucinations (Comer, 2011, p. 197 Treatments for unipolar depression include antidepressant drugs, such as MAO inhibitors, tricyclics, and SSRIs, or herbal supplements, but for some people who

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