The Apostles' Creed

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THE APOSTLES' CREED

A research paper submitted to Dr. David Pederson
In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements For
The course CHHI 520

Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary

By
Fannie M. Thomas
Lynchburg, Virginia
October 10, 2011
Table of Contents
Introduction..................................................................................................................... 3
History and Origin........................................................................................................... 4
The Creed Articles.......................................................................................................... 7
The Apostles' Creed and the Early
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The creed history includes the Old Roman and the Received form of the creed. The Old Roman form was used during the second century, written in both Greek and Latin. Rufinus gave the Latin form in 390 AD and compared it to the creed of his church in Aquileia. Marcellus of Ancycra gave the Greek form in the fourth century. The Received form made the addition of "Maker of heaven and earth," which first appeared in Gaul in 650 AD. Further addition took place, "He descended into hell" as part of Rufinus creed of Aquileia. Two significant changes may be noted in the form given to it. In England, whose form we follow, the Reformers substituted for “the resurrection of the flesh” the words, “the resurrection of the body,” and in Germany the Lutherans change the word “catholic” to “Christian,” in “the holy catholic Church.” The Old Roman Form: "I believe in God the Father Almighty,
And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was born by the Holy Ghost, the
Virgin Mary, crucified under Pontius Pilate, and buried; the third day He arose from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of the Father, from thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead. And in the Holy Spirit, the holy Church; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the flesh." It actually is based upon an old Roman baptismal confession. The virgin birth is affirmed in the earlier as well as this version. Shortly after the middle of the second century,
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