The Appalachian Mountains : A Vast Cultural And Geographical Region

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Introduction Appalachia is a vast cultural and geographical region “that follows the spine of the Appalachian Mountains from southern New York to northern Mississippi. It includes all of West Virginia and parts of 12 other states: Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.”4 The distinctive Appalachian culture is a result of the blend of unique backgrounds -Native American (primarily Cherokee), Celtic (mainly Scotch and English), Polish and German, and African American- and the geographical isolation that is revealed through their traditional arts and crafts, music, food, customs, and sometimes dialect.14 This isolation created “a greater…show more content…
This paper will review past practices and policies relating to mountaintop coal mining, evaluate and analyze current research on the impact of coal mining on human health, and provide recommendations for further research guided by logic and in agreement with biblical truth. Review of Past Practices and Policies Broad form Deeds Coal mining is not new to the Appalachian region. Miners have been working the rich coal fields of Appalachia for generations.14, 17 The first coal mines in these states were small, local owned operations.17 This all changed, however, in the late 19th century when “agents from land companies had swept through the region buying up mineral rights, sometimes for as little as fifty cents per acre, separating the use of the surface (and tax liability) from the natural resources that might be below.”17 In legal terms, and in very fine print, these “broad form deeds often signed over the rights to ‘dump, store, and leave upon such land any and

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