The Arab-Israeli Conflict Essay

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The Arab-Israeli conflict has been ongoing for many years and so far a peaceful solution to the violence has not been reached. The 'peace process' aims to find a just, fair and lasting peace solution to the conflict in the Middle East. The USA in particular has been very active in looking for a peace solution. This is because Israel is their ally. There are several million Jews in the USA and many send money to support Israel. Also the Arabs used oil as a very successful weapon in the Yom Kippur War, and the West depends on this oil. This was demonstrated with the price rises of 1973 that caused economic recession very quickly. The USA still wished to support Israel, but it was also important…show more content…
However although Israel and Egypt could now exist side by side, the two leaders had to face much internal opposition over Camp David, and there was not peace. There were still a great deal of violence and terrorist attacks. Two years after the peace treaty was signed, Sadat was assassinated by Arab extremists in Egypt. Following the Gulf War against Saddam Hussein in 1990, a conference was held in Madrid where US President Bush stated that any settlement in the Middle East would be based on the United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338. This stated the demand of the withdrawal of Israel from the occupied territories, acknowledgement of independent states in the Middle East, a just settlement to the refugee problem and that all parties should start negotiations aimed at establishing a just and lasting peace in the Middle East. The declaration was an agenda for negotiations covering a five year interim period which would then aim to lead to a permanent agreement and address such issues as Jerusalem, settlements and the 1948 refugees. In 1993 the Oslo declaration was made after a series of negotiations. Yasser Arafat and Prime Minister Rabin made mutual concessions. Israel recognised the PLO as "the representative of the Palestinian people and would commence negotiations with the PLO within the Middle East peace process". The PLO agreed to "renounce

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