The Arab Spring

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Five years after the beginning of the ‘Arab Spring’, people are still questioning themselves whether any of the countries involved has had any positive outcome or if they ever will. Comparisons between the similarities and contrasts of the different states emerged with the very first agitations in the areas. Also nowadays, the international community risks to come up with generalised prophecies based on the worst scenarios. In fact, despite the original opposition to the authoritarian rule, common to all the uprisings, we need to be aware of the unique character of each country and, therefore, the consequent different nuances that the protests had and the difficulties faced during the transition from the authoritarian rule.

Considering the often compared cases of Tunisia and Egypt, this essay discusses both the common features and the various factors that led to differing legacies; focusing on the relative success of democracy in Tunisia and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, it will analyse how power structure, pre-uprising regimes, state institutions and social characteristics have influenced them.

Started in Tunisia in December 2010, the so-called Jasmine Revolution played a key role in regime change and the beginning of the democratisation process; the demand of social justice and freedom of the Tunisian rebellion led to a wave of revolts throughout the neighbouring nations of the Middle East and North Africa. But had this led to any democracy? Scholars very

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