The Argument of Romans Essay

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The Wrath of God Revealed

Paul began his argument of Romans by proving that the Gentiles are sinners before God. Although God has revealed His truth to them, they have suppressed it, resulting in the darkness of their inner man and rebellion against God to the point of worshipping animals (1:18-23). As a result God gave them over to do the desires of their heart (1:24, 26): idolatry (1:25) and homosexuality (1:26-27). Seeing that they had no desire to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a depraved mind to do every sort of evil (1:28-31).

The Jews Condemned
Judgement According to Works

Paul also addressed the Jews specifically warning them that if God judged
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One of the advantages was that they received the Word of God (3:2). This was a special revelation no revealed to any other people, above and beyond the revelation of creation and conscience. Just because the Jews did not believe God’s words, God is still true and faithful (3:3-4).

The Righteousness of God

Some believed that since God’s righteousness is made evident when people commit unrighteousness, God would not be able to punish people for their sins because their sin showed God’s righteousness. Paul argued that if this was so, God could not judge the world (3:5-7). Some went so far as to allege that Paul taught that people should sin to bring about good (3:8).

Righteousness through Faith

The Jews may have had an advantage as far as the special revelation of God’s word, but this did not make them any better than the Gentiles, as Paul proved in 3:9. All men are unfaithful to God and spiritually dead (3:10-18). The Law served to demonstrate the Jew’s sinfulness to Him, thus putting him in the same place as the Gentiles in regards to their standing before God (3:19-20). God’s righteousness comes to an individual apart from the Law to those who believe on Jesus (3:21-23). God does not distinguish between Jew and Gentile because both are sinners

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