Till this day, Turkey refuses to call this occurrence a genocide, speaking of the Armenian genocide is an offense punishable by imprisonment. In 2010, Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to deport 170,000 Armenians when a bill was proposed to recognize the Armenian genocide in Turkey.
The Armenian genocide committed by the Ottoman Empire against its minority Armenian population from 1915-1917 left an estimated 1.5 million dead and to date, not one individual has been tried for these egregious crimes. The mass killings of Armenians by the Ottoman Empire in World War I and Jews by the Nazis in World War II shocked the conscience of the international community and led to the creation of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG), in order to hold the perpetrators of crimes of this magnitude accountable. In its preamble, the UN charter sets the objective to "establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained". The genocide committed by the Ottoman Empire and Nazis made it clear that an international standard must be set in order to protect the rights of individuals. The UN has attempted to establish international law with the creation of the CPPCG and other resolutions, however, these resolutions are simply words on paper unless they are properly enforced. In this essay I will be examining whether the United Nations have been successful in its enforcement international law, specifically the CPPCG.
The Armenian Genocide also referred as the Armenian Holocaust was a horrific act done by the Turkish Ottoman government to exterminate and kill many Armenians. Millions of Armenians lost their lives due to this event and Turkey refutes that any event ever happened or occurred. The start of the genocide took place in April 24 1915 where the ottoman empire took many Armenian leaders to eventually murder them. The event was carried out during and after World War 1. The genocide was implemented in two phases which where the wholesale killing of the male population, then the death marches of the children and women leading to starvation because their food and water were deprived as well as their dignity since they raped and robbed them. There were
The First Modern genocide was the Armenian Genocide, but what was the Armenian genocide? It was horrific acts committed against the Armenian people of the Ottoman Empire. The Armenian genocide was planned and administrated against the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire by the Turkish government. The Armenians were deported, starved, abducted, tortured and more. This devastating time lasted from 1915 through 1918. An estimated guess of around one and a half million Armenians
The Holocaust is one of the most well known events in history. It had a great affect on the Jewish population and the Zionist movement. The Holocaust is very similar to the Turkish massacre of the Armenians during World War I. Alike the Holocaust, it also had a large effect on the Armenian population. Both of these are horrific events in history because of the mass numbers that were killed. The Holocaust, which had a great effect on the Jewish population, is comparable on a much larger scale to the Massacre of the Armenians in Turkey during World War 1 because of the incredibly large numbers of lives lost during the specific massacres.
There were many reasons discussed for why the Armenian massacre should be called a genocide or not. The first definition of Genocide adopted by the United Nations stated “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious groups as such (De Waal 2015).” Many believed the meaning of the words “as such” is not clear and some deny that the massacre was “committed with intent”- an argument made frequently in Turkey (De Waal 2015). Even though many alleged perpetrators believe that the massacre was not committed with intent, the Ottoman Empire did attempt to wipe out an entire ethical group. The Armenians were either deported or killed and many women were either beaten or raped. The Armenian diaspora saw the word genocide as the perfect word to describe what happened to their parents and grandparents. They Armenian Diaspora began referring the Meds Yeghern as “the Armenian Genocide”, which sparked a political movement. This political movement was established in 1965 which marked the 50th anniversary of the massacre and the Armenian diaspora was out to seek
The Armenian Genocide is the name given to the events of 1915-1923 in the Ottoman Empire, which was renamed Turkey after its founding father, Mustafa Ataturk. The Muslim majority destroyed the Armenians' homes, churches, and livelihoods in a continuous murderous event that took its course over 8 years. An estimated 1 million to 1.5 million Armenians died in this Genocide, and other ethnicities died as well including Greeks and Azerbaijanis who happened to be living in Armenian neighborhoods. (University of Michigan) The victims were sometimes forced to walk on endless marches that were intended to move the entire population out of the country and east to the mountains. Any Armenians who died on the march were left on the road to rot. The Armenian Genocide was first recognized by the Russian Empire in 1915, who saw what was happening before Europe did. The leaders of the Ottoman Empire, including Ataturk, were creating a modern Turkey for Turks, at the expense of all the minorities of the Ottoman Empire, and without mercy for any who would resist.
The Armenian genocide is one of the most brutal genocides to occur in modern history and was set against the backdrop of World War I and the decline of the Ottoman Empire. Armenians populated the eastern provinces of the Ottoman domain for centuries, all while being treated with contention by the ruling Muslims due to their adherence to Christianity (Whittaker & Moreno-Riano, 2013). The gradual decline of the Ottoman Empire increased this contention, as the Turkish majority grew anxious over the precarious future of the Muslim dominated empire. When the Ottoman Empire entered World War I, it only exacerbated the fear that Armenians were disloyal, and it became widely believed that they would assist the Russians in their fight against the Turkish. It is possible some Armenians perceived the Entente Powers as a lesser evil than the Turks, but unlikely that it was a
At the beginning of the twentieth century from 1915 to 1923 conflicts arose between a group called the Young Turks and Armenians in the Ottoman empire. Many Armenians were driven from their homes and forced to march from the land they once called home to the deserts of Syria. Others were killed in massacres that took place across the Ottoman empire and those who remained were forced to convert. During the eight year genocide about one and a half million Armenians perished and another million were deported. Tragedies like these lead many to wonder how humans could commit such awful crimes towards each other. Religious differences, political suspicions, and treating Armenians as social inferiors were issues between Turks and Armenians that led up to, and exploded during the Armenian Genocide.
The Armenian Genocide was genocide in Armenia that last from April 24, 1915 until 1922. By the end of the genocide about 1.5 million Armenians were either deported or massacred in the Ottoman Empire. The methods of execution were varied and they were brutal also. Some of them include crucifixion, hanging, and marches. These marches would usually consist of those victims being forced to walk through the desert and they would usually die of starvation and dehydration. Officials would torment young children and tease them with food by eating it in front of them.
The Armenian people under the Ottoman Empire have gone through persecution by their government on more than one occasion. While the Armenian Genocide is still not acknowledged by present-day Turkey, the motivations behind the deaths are questionable. The persecution of a whole people is racist, but other motivations may have been a stronger influence. Previous acts against the Armenian people were meant to sabotage the growing sense of Armenian nationalism by intimidating the Armenian people with severe consequences for disputes. The massacres of 1894 to 1896, carried out under the control of Sultan Abdul-Hamid II, witnessed the killing of Armenian people in broad daylight in front of the general public. The public killings were meant to send
The Armenian Genocide was carried out during World War 1 between the years nineteen fifteen and nineteen eighteen. It was planned and managed by the Turkish government against the entire Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire. The mass of the Armenian population was forcibly removed from Armenia and Anatolia to Syria, where the mass was sent into the desert to die of thirst and hunger. Large numbers of Armenians were systematically massacred all over the Ottoman Empire. Women and children were abducted and terribly abused. The entire wealth of the Armenian people was confiscated. After a year of calm at the end of World War One, the slaughter was renewed between nineteen twenty and nineteen twenty three the turks organized massacres of Armenians in and as a result of Turkish atrocities more than one million of Armenians were slaughtered, died from cold, hunger and epidemics, hundreds of thousands Armenians were captivated, assimilated, deported by force from their native places (Armenocide.am). Today, most historians call this event genocide–“a premeditated and systematic campaign to exterminate an entire people.” The Armenian people were issued to deportation, seizure, persecution, massacre, and hunger. Ordinary Armenians were turned out of their homes and sent on death marches through the Mesopotamian desert without food or
Research Question: [how can the Turks still deny that what happened to the Armenians wasn’t a genocide?] The Powers in Turkey date back to Anatolia which was during prehistoric times. Anatolia is a town and a former municipality in the Ioannina regional unit, Epirus, Greece. The Hitties were people that established an empire in Anatolia, called the Hittie Empire. The Hittie Empire thrived from 1,750- 1,200 B.C.E. After the fall of the Hittites, the new states of Phrygia and Lydia stood strong on the western coast as Greek civilization began to flourish. Only the threat from a distant Persian kingdom prevented them from advancing. As Persia grew in strength, their system of local government in Anatolia allowed many port cities to grow and to
The very corrupt mind of Adolf Hitler once said, “Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?” (“Armenian Genocide Museum of America”). Not but 100 years ago, a mass murder of over 1.5 million innocent Armenian citizens occurred in the former Ottoman Empire at the hands of the Turkish military officials. Yet in the present day, many sources and scholars throughout the world refuse to accept such exterminating events that took place between the Turks and Armenians. (History.com Staff). According to Dictionary.com, the very definition of the word genocide means to “deliberately kill off or a systematic extermination of a large group people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation” (“Genocide”). The Armenian