The Art And Baroque Art Of Peter Paul Rubens

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Peter Paul Rubens (b. Siegen, Germany, 1577; d. Antwerp, 1640) was a Flemish painter revered as the most versatile and influential baroque artist of Northern Europe in the 17th century. Rubens’s art emphasizes the theory of artistic imitation, and blends features of the Italian High Renaissance and Northern realism with elements from antiquity. Rubens specialized in making altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects. In his painting Venus and Adonis, mid-1630s, Rubens juxtaposed Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” (book X) and Titian’s Venus and Adonis, 1553-1554, to generate his own invention that relies on his theories of artistic imitation. Rubens painting is predominantly influenced by, but not modeled after Titian’s piece, which he copied in Madrid in 1629. Rubens was born in the German town of Siegen, in Westphalia. His father, Jan Rubens, a lawyer and alderman of Antwerp, had fled the Spanish Netherlands in 1568 with his wife, Maria Pypelinckx, and four children to escape religious persecution for his Calvinist beliefs. After Jan’s death in 1587, the family returned to Antwerp, where young Peter Paul, raised in his mother’s Roman Catholic faith, and received a classical education. His humanist education seriously began with his apprenticeship to Otto van Veen, with whom he probably worked with from 1594 to 1598. During this period, Antwerp developed into an important center for the Counter Reformation due to a serious
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