The Article ' Evil And Omnipotence '

1419 WordsDec 15, 20166 Pages
1. In the article “Evil and Omnipotence,” J. L. Mackie outlines the problem of evil as being the result of three statements which are logically inconsistent with each other, where if any two were true then, in turn, the third would have to be false. The first statement of the problem of evil is “God is omnipotent,” the second “God is all good,” and the third “evil exists.” The problem of evil assumes that “omnipotence” means there are no limits to God’s power, that good is opposed to evil in the sense that anything all good would seek to eliminate as much evil as possible, and that therefore an omnipotent and all-good being should aim to completely eliminate evil. 2. In the article “God and Evil,” H. J. McCloskey distinguishes a difference between moral evils and physical evils. Moral evils are a product of human free will and are capable of a greater "intensity" of human emotion and reaction than natural evils. On a small scale, moral evils are acts and feelings of selfishness, deception, murder, rape, torture, and theft. On a larger scale, moral evils would be acts of genocide, war, and corporate malpractice. Physical or natural evils are evils of the natural world, meaning of the earth and animal kingdom. They can range from inhospitable geographies such as cliffs and deserts, dangerous animals, pests, and parasites such as lions, poisonous spiders, mosquitos, and viruses, natural calamities such as tsunamis, hurricanes, or earthquakes, diseases such as leprosy or

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