The Articles of Confederation Essay

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For over two-hundred years the United States has thrived under the Constitution. It has been the backbone of this country while growing from an infant into an adult. Although, the Constitution was instrumental in the maturation of America it was not the first form of government in this country. Ten years before the Constitutional Convention, Washington’s presidency, or the three branches of government; the Articles of Confederation were created. This fledgling government, proposed in 1777, was doomed to never take flight, being replaced in 1789, when the Constitution was effected under Washington. This raises the question: Why did the United States discard The Articles of Confederation for the Constitution? Ultimately, the Articles…show more content…
In reality “the Confederation Congress was a true Whig government – which had its economic arm tied behind its back”, (Allen, pg. 95). Although seeming to be a working model the commercial issues created by the Articles of Confederation handicapped the nation. The Articles of Confederation were also weak because the ratification process was too stringent and passing amendments was difficult. The final draft of the Articles of Confederation was completed in 1777. At this time the Articles became the de facto form of government. Twelve of the states officially ratified between 1777 and 1779, however Maryland refused to ratify until 1781. Ratification took three years because it was required to be unanimous. Additionally, the Articles of Confederation were becoming an ineffective document because they necessitated a nine state majority for decisions in Congress and unanimous agreement on amendments. Under this set of parameters, the Articles could not adjust quickly to changing times. Purposely, the Articles of Confederation had been created as a weak centralized government but numerous issues ensued as a result. As an example, The United States so desperately needed money in the 1780’s that an amendment was proposed. “Robert Morris twice proposed a five percent impost tax (a tariff), but Rhode Island’s solo resistance defeated the measure”, (Allen, pg. 109). Later an attempt was made to pass an amendment that would formulate a privately held
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