The Aspects Of Gender Roles

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Aspects of gender roles that are especially relevant to understanding leadership, pertain to agentic and communal attributes (Eagly, Karau, & Makhijani, 1995). Agentic characteristics are attributed more strongly to men than women. For example, males tend to be more aggressive, ambitious, dominant, forceful, independent, daring, self-confident, and competitive. In employment settings, agentic behaviors might include speaking assertively, competing for attention, influencing others, initiating activity directed to assigned tasks, and making problem-focused suggestions. Communal characteristics are attributed more to women than men, and describes women to be more concerned with the welfare of other people. For example, women tend to be more affectionate, helpful, kind, sympathetic, interpersonally sensitive, nurturing, and gentle. In employment settings, communal behaviors might include speaking tentatively, not drawing attention to oneself, accepting others’ direction, supporting and soothing others, and contributing to the solution of relational and interpersonal problems (Klenke, 2003). To address the question of whether men and women have different leadership styles, Eagly, Karau, & Makhijani (1995) conducted a review of leadership studies. These studies of leadership styles showed women to be both interpersonally oriented and self-governing, and men to be both task-oriented and dictatorial.
Men and women not only differ in the way in which they communicate
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