The Athletic Performance Of One Athlete Essay

2426 WordsOct 19, 201410 Pages
Understanding how and why the athletic performance of one athlete might be better than another athlete during a sprinting event but, alternatively, worse during an endurance event is multifaceted. Factors such as body composition, muscle characteristics, energy availability, substrate utilization, exercise demands, and prior training all play an important role in an individuals’ ability to participate in a specific physical activity. Take for example two athletes, Runs Like a Deer (RLD) and Slow Turtle (ST), running in the New York City Marathon. Although both athletes will be running on the same day under the same environmental conditions their physiological make-up, their ability to access and breakdown energy substrate utilization, and the way in which both athletes trained prior to the race will alter how both RLD and ST will handle the stress of a 26.2-mile run. The following paper, which will explore why these two marathon runners can be expected to experience the New York City Marathon in two completely different ways, will compare and contrast how the above factors impact the athletic performance of both athletes. In order to clearly compare and contrast the underlying causes of why RLD and ST will perform differently during the marathon this paper will (1) outline the different metabolic pathways used during physical activity for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis, (2) discuss the relationship between athletic performance, muscle characteristics and athletic
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