The Atomic Age

869 WordsJul 12, 20184 Pages
After the war in Europe had ended, the United States’ needed to terminate their participation in World War II. In order to end the war, military action had to be taken against the Japanese so cause them to surrender. The only issue was finding a way to carry out an attack that would have low casualties and funding. During the war, the Japanese soldiers fought to the death, including mass suicides and attacks by kamikazes, or suicide bombings in planes. A land invasion, such as D-day, could have caused a large death toll on Japan, and also cause many Americans to lose their lives. The United States believed that to end the war they must make a critical blow to the Japanese. Thus the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings were born. The bombings…show more content…
Nagasaki, the secondary bombing location, had its own reasons for its selection. Although, It was believed that the mountains and the strange lay-out of the city would reduced the area of destruction, it had been chosen as a target because it was one of the largest seaports in southern Japan and contained many factories that made ships, military equipment, and other war materials. The combined destruction of these cities was thought to finally cause Japan to surrender unconditionally. On the morning of August 6, 1945, about an hour before the bomb exploded over Hiroshima, Japanese radar had detected American aircraft off the coast of southern Japan. As the planes grew closer japanese operators had determined that the group of planes was very small, too small for an air raid or bombing run. They concluded that the planes were only gathering information, and decided not to take any action against them. This was a deadly mistake for the Japanese. At 8:15, the Enola Gay, an American B-29 bomber flew over the city of Hiroshima. At 30,000 feet the plane dropped it load, Little Boy, the world first atomic bomb. The bomb fell to 1,900 feet and then detonated over the city. “The bomb exploded with a blinding flash in the sky, and a great rush of air and a loud rumble of noise extended for many miles around the city; the first blast was soon followed by the sounds of falling buildings and of growing
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