The Atomic Age

1290 Words Jun 18th, 2018 6 Pages
The Atomic Age

The Atomic Age, composed of complex and controversial issues, has forever changed our world and the way in which we live.

* What were the factors leading to the dropping of the atomic bomb?

The answer to this question considers events dealing with atomic energy, the Manhatten Project, and controversial issues about when, where, how, and if the bomb should have been used. There are several events prior to the 1940s that led to the making of the bomb, but the majority of events and controversy snowballed during the 1940s. It is always important to examine the causes of world changing events so that the human race will learn from and be more aware of such issues in the future.

Important factors prior to the 1940s:
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The hopes were that the enemy would yield swiftly once America used the A-Bomb. The main debate was whether to demonstrate the bomb's power to the world and then give an ultimatum, or to use the element of surprise.

Those opposing any warning said that if a bomb was dropped with warning that the Japanese Air powers could cause serious interference. Arthur Compton said that "Though the possibility of a demonstration that would not destroy human life was attractive, no one could suggest a way in which it could be made so convincing that it would be likely to stop the war" (Yass, 61). On top of this, in the Bard Memorandum of 1945, Ralph Bard stated that the use of the bomb without warning was contrary to "the position of the United States as a great humanitarian nation" (Dannen). Many people felt this way, but President Truman never saw the many petitions against the use of the bomb. However, the President did hear from the National Defense Research Committee that suggested the bomb be used as soon as possible and without warning.

The final decision of where and when to use the bomb was up to President Truman. He later stated "Let there be no mistake about it. I regarded the bomb as a military weapon and never had any doubt that it should be used" (Fogelman, 10). Truman wanted the bomb dropped on a military target, somewhere in which war production would be destroyed and the power of the bomb could be demonstrated.

The Target Committee had chosen

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