The Atomic Structure Experiment

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Integrated Physics and Chemistry – Unit 2: The Structure of Matter
Experiment: Atomic Structure
In this experiment, you will have a chance to test the hypothesis that Ernest Rutherford used when determining the size of the nucleus. In his "gold foil experiment," Rutherford shot alpha particles at gold atoms. Once he realized that the alpha particles were hitting a concentrated positive mass, he developed the nuclear model of the atom. Next, he set out to determine the relative size of the nucleus compared to the rest of the atom. He reasoned that the smaller the nucleus, the less likely it was to be hit by an alpha particle. This led to a simple comparative ratio:

It took a great number of shots to actually hit the nucleus because the
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Data: List all observations and measurements including proper labels.
Record your data.
Length of box 20.75 in.
Width of box 14.25 in.
Height of box 12 in.
Length of block 2.5 in.
Width of block 1 in.
Height of block 1 in.
Number of hits on the block 2
Total number of shots 100

Calculations/Interpretations:
I multiplied the length, the width, and the height

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