The Attitudes Of Port Royal

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CHAPTER 2
LITERATURE REVIEW
Introduction
The purpose of the study is to examine the attitudes of Port Royal’s residents towards the development of Port Royal and why they are reluctant to developing the area. According to Jamaica National Heritage Trust, Port Royal is a village located at the end of the Palisadoes at the mouth of the Kingston Habour, in southwestern Jamaica. It was founded in 1518 by the Spanish; it was once the largest city in the Caribbean, functioning as the center of shipping and commerce in the Caribbean Sea by the latter half of the 17th century. Based on the strategies and implementation referred, the plan that has been designed and laid out can create positive impacts on the individual involved in the construction
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Given that a number of developing countries now depend heavily on revenues from tourism it is surprising that they have given relatively little attention to the implication of current global economic trends and transformation on the pattern f tourism flow, especially given the extent to which they have already been affected by some of the dramatic changes in the global economic over the last two decades. The impacts and changes of scientific and technological advancement, demographic trends, the rise of new centre of global manufacturing, surging demand for resources, rapid shifts in the pattern of environmental impacts, changes in the nature of risk, political and economic influence, competition and conflict and geopolitical balance of power, and the potential global threats such as climate change, has on developing nations that highly depend on the tourism sector. “Tourism in a transforming world economy: How can small nations prepare for the changes that lie ahead?” McNeil (2014) this shows that tourism plays a significant role in the economy within a country, especially countries that depend highly on it. Heritage and cultural sites can create an opportunity for Jamaica because of its historical backgrounds. Statistics have shown that in UK visits increase by 29% making it 8,874 visits, 48% holiday’s visits and 91,245 stay over that visited castles, historical houses, art galleries and museum (Inbound tourism forecast, 2017).
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