The Audio-Lingual Method for Teaching Languages

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The subject of this essay will be the audio-lingual method which is a teaching method that was first used in the 1950's until the 1970's, although it could be safely stated that the method is regularly used in modern day language teaching. This essay will describe the functionality and history of the audio-lingual method as well as evaluate its usage compared to other mainstream teaching approaches. However before the method is analysed in itself, two factors must be recognised in order to understand the method. These factors cover the method's functionality and its theory in which it is based on. Firstly the analysis of Language was becoming increasingly prominent and structural linguistics was seen as the best way forward after…show more content…
While drilling was being used it could be adapted or expanded upon so that the diversity of the language could be incorporated. This was achieved by adding pluralisations or interchanging words that still make grammatical sense or adapting the syntax of the vocalisation so that contracted negative and question forms could be distinguished. This way the syntax and overall grammar of the language could be understood associatively and therefore it was decided that there was little need for grammar teaching. To learn through spoken drills was a relatively unheard of theory compared to any other learning style in schools. However the large focus given on spoken language meant that even if the learners fluency was at a high level, the grammatical knowledge they possessed was still a much lower level compared to the previous teaching method which relied on Grammatical analysis of graded texts. In addition to this the exercises used in the audio-lingual method were very ineffective in keeping learners minds active and because the tasks given were so repetitive the lesson material was not memorable. However in spite of these issues, the audio-lingual method was very successful in improving the students
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