The Australian Healthcare System Has Been Evolving Since The Beginning Of The Colonisation Of Australia
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Introduction The Australian healthcare system has been evolving since the beginning of the colonisation of Australia. Today, Australia has an extremely efficient healthcare system although it still has several issues. The influencing factors, structure, and current issues of the Australian healthcare system will be throughly discussed and explained in this essay.
Influencing Factors When Australia was first colonised, health services were considered to be an issue to be dealt with by local governments (Evolution of Government Involvement in Health Care, n.d.). In 1901, the Constitution made health care the responsibility of the state governments and stated that the Federal Government was only in charge of quarantine issues (Evolution of…show more content… In 1928, a national health insurance scheme was proposed but not implemented because it would have required businesses to provide contributions to health insurance for their employees (Evolution of Government Involvement in Health Care, n.d). Another national health insurance scheme was proposed in 1938 but it was also rejected (Evolution of Government Involvement in Health Care, n.d; Hilless & Healy, 2001). The next proposal was the 1945 Pharmaceuticals Benefits Act. This Act was not implemented because the Australian Medical Association challenged it in the High Court of Australia and it was decided that parliament had “exceeded its constitutional power” (Hilless & Healy, 2001). In 1946, under the Hospital Benefits Act, the Commonwealth began to subsidise public hospitals under the condition that patients would not be charged (Evolution of Government Involvement in Health Care, n.d; Hilless & Healy, 2001). This act is similar to the current Medicare system. Australia’s first national health plan was introduced in 1950 (Evolution of Government Involvement in Health Care, n.d). Five years after the first attempt at a Pharmaceutical Benefits Act, the Australian Government implemented the 1950 Pharmaceutical Benefits Act, which is still in effect today (Hilless & Healy, 2001). In 1953, the National Health Act was introduced by The