The Austrian Composer : Franz Of The Formal And Structural Principles Of Classical Style

1259 Words Apr 5th, 2016 6 Pages
The Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was arguably the founder and developer of the formal and structural principles of classical style. His work included hundreds of symphonies, string quartets, and instrumental sonatas. Haydn was an innovator and many composers after him, modeled his style.
FOUNDATIONS
On March 31, 1732, Franz Joseph Haydn was born in the charming village of Rohrau, Lower Austria which is on the Hungarian border. Joseph, called Sepperl by his German parents, was born a peasant boy. Haydn’s father helped the village head to build and repair wooden wheels. His mother worked as a cook in the Palace of Count Harrach before she married. Remarkably, neither of Haydn’s parents could read music, but his father was a self-taught harpist. Hadyn’s father and mother had 12 children. Anna Maria died in 1754 and Mathias remarried and had five more children, all of whom died in childhood. Luckily, Haydn’s parents recognized and supported his talent for music. At age five, he became the music students of a schoolmaster at Hainburg, Johann Matthais Frankh. At 8 years old, he worked at the Cathedral of St. Stephen 's in Vienna as a choirboy. By 1749 his voice had changed and he was no longer able to sing high choral parts. He played a joke on a fellow classmate by cutting off her ponytail. This resulted in a severe lashing and his dismissal from school. After being dismissed, Haydn had no place to stay, and his family could not help him financially.…
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