The Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

3392 Words Jan 15th, 2015 14 Pages
Biology Coursework
Introduction
An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a condition that effects social interaction and behaviour. (1) It is relatively common in young children, with around 1% of 5 year olds being diagnosed. Both Asperger’s Syndrome and Childhood Autism fall into the category of an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Many reasons have been placed forward about how and why an ASD occurs in certain people. The majority accept that genetic factors are the most likely cause. Research is ongoing to find any genes that may increase the likelihood of developing an ASD. Aside from genetics, other factors such as environmental (i.e. upbringing) have been suggested as possible explanations. Recently, there was a scare in the UK when it was claimed the MMR (measles – mumps – rubella) vaccine was causing ASD in young children. (2)There was no link found between the two in studies however, but it demonstrates how an ASD can affect everyone’s life at some point, and how quick it can act.
Providing Solutions
Over the past few years, many breakthroughs have been made when studying Autism and looking at potential solutions. Because of this, a number of potential treatments for the disorder have been suggested. Although incurable as it is genetic, Autism Spectrum Disorders are measured in severity. It is hoped treatment can lower the severity of individual cases of ASD. One particularly interesting potential treatment is the use of Levocarnitine Therapy in young children diagnosed with…

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