The Background Of The Rorschach Inkblot Test

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Background: German psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Hermann Rorschach, was the brains behind the commonly known, “Rorschach Inkblot Test”. The Inkblot Test was designed and published in 1927 and is comprised of ten inkblots projected on cards with five of them being in black and white and the other five in color. The purpose of this test is to be able to assess underlying psychological issues that someone might be reluctant to divulge directly. This test developed into a test that assesses personality traits of individuals ranging from ages five to adults by means of projecting their own emotions onto these “unambiguous figures”. Originally, Rorschach designed this test to produce a profile for people suffering from mental disorders, like schizophrenia and Rorschach himself was dissatisfied with using it as a projective test. The combination of altering a test into something it was not designed to do and the test yielding extremely subjective and variable responses, it has stirred up quite a bit of controversy as to whether this psychological measure is actually reliable and valid. In an effort to give this test validity, many tried to create a scoring system to provide reliability and validity. None seemed to be successful alone, however in 1973, American Psychologist, John E. Exner M.S., B.S., devised a scoring system in which he combined the best components of the main five scoring systems at the time. Exner published the paper, The Rorschach: A Comprehensive System,
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