The Basic Conflict Between Evolutionism And Creationism

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The basic conflict between evolutionism and creationism is whether humans and other organisms have undergone cumulative minor changes throughout many generations or that the state of all organisms is predetermined in their present state by a deity. Before the advent of evolution by natural selection as first suggested by Charles Darwin in his publication: The Origin of Species, people believed that the apparent complexity of the world demanded an intelligent designer. Since Abrahamic religions (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) were dominant during the majority of this time, people often described this creator as being omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. For convenience, I may refer to this as an all-PKG God, as Sober does in the text.

One approach that many traditional creationists argued for is that the complexity of the world cannot be explained by random events occurring. An example of an argument from design is Paley 's Watch (Sober, 61). Paley argues using the analogy that if one were to find a watch on a beach, you have two hypotheses as to how the watch came into existence. Either the waves and sand on the beach had randomly interacted with one another to create the intricate timekeeping instrument, also know as a Random Hypothesis. Or that the watch was designed and created by a sufficiently intelligent being. Paley makes a strong argument against the Random Hypothesis by using the Surprise Principle (Sober, 34). The principle states that given two hypotheses,
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