The Basic Human Needs Approach

1873 WordsAug 27, 20168 Pages
The definition of development has been constantly evolving since the late 1950 during that period when social theorists were still trying to best describe the context of development. Initially, in the 1950, development had been described as the increase of wealth and social welfare (Escobar 5); nevertheless, with the industrialization and increasing use of human workforce, economic growth started to play a role in social development. This economic growth was not merely accounted in terms of income but was also characterized as the level of the distribution of wealth among the people (Escobar 6). Furthermore, in the 1970, the “basic human needs approach” began to act out the principles of social development as a not only pertaining to the…show more content…
For instance, international institutions like the IMF and the World Bank assess ‘development’ in terms of economic activity and progress. The new concept of development poses a detrimental outlook towards societies because it has shied away from the discourse of development as likewise a matter of politics and not just purely economics. If you look at development policies and mechanisms, they are all trying to solve economic problems and do not necessarily care too much of how political dynamics can influence social development (Rist 98). Thus, it creates a framework for politicians to become too sensitive of numbers while discounting abstract human affairs. This is dangerous because this may even led to inequality and poverty. As societies find that they are losing in numbers - nominal GDP, for instance - government would create policies that would increase economic activity at the expense of the societies. Reflecting on Rist’s and Escobar’s review on the history of “development”, the paradigms and concepts that led to the modern-day model of “development” and “discourse” can be understood as a mechanism to discuss social problems, opportunities, and solutions. As mentioned earlier, the term “development” has been used extensively in many societies and debates over the decades to assure people to have better circumstances, nevertheless, the
Open Document