The Basic Parameters Of Self Disclosure

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Any information you offer or share about yourself with someone else is referred to as Self-Disclosure (Canary, 1994, p.187). In other words, it is up to the speaker to decide what they do or do not wish to intentionally share about themselves, and who to share that information with; it is how you present yourself. The basic parameters of self-disclosure are outlined by Paul C. Cozby as (a) breadth or amount of information dis- closed, (b) depth or intimacy of information disclosed, and (c) duration or time spent describing each item of information. (1973, p. 75). The use of self-disclosure can increase the level of intimacy within a relationship, by reciprocity, or reciprocating information. For example, you can disclose your feelings and when those feelings are reciprocated back, you feel a positive response; you can also disclose/reciprocate behaviors. With self-disclosure you can achieve self-awareness, improved interpersonal functioning, and self-actualization; it creates a positive and equal communicative exchange. When there is a balance, it shows that the members of the conversation wish to further the conversation and build upon the relationship. When a user is willing to disclose more personal information, it sends out desired signals to others and thus increases the impression of trustworthiness (Cheung, 2015, p. 283-284). If mutual self-disclosure does not occur, our communication can sometimes be judged as a failure (Ashworth, 1976, p. 72). Someone who shares too
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