The Battle Of Gettysburg And American Civil War

924 Words4 Pages
The Battle of Gettysburg was fought over the first three days in July 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. Confederate General Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia, while Union Major General George Gordon Meade commanded the Army of the Potomac. The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war 's turning point. With his army in high spirits after a victory in the battle of Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee decided to move north into Maryland and Pennsylvania. Lee’s goal was to move the war out of war torn Virginia, and try to move it north to threaten northern cities and stem the North’s appetite for war. After getting wind of Lee’s plan, President Abraham Lincoln sent Major General Joseph Hooker’s Army of the Potomac as a response. A loss at Chancellorsville lead President Lincoln to replace Major General Joseph Hooker with Major General George Gordon Meade just three days before the Battle of Gettysburg. Once in command Major General Meade moved his army to try to keep them in between Washington D.C. and General Lee’s army. All the information General Lee had on Union troops made him think that most the Army of the Potomac was sitting near the Rappahannock River in eastern Virginia not really paying attention to his troops movement towards Culpeper; about a 100 miles to the west. He also read
Get Access