The Battle Of Iwo Jima

1484 Words Feb 25th, 2016 6 Pages
Define The Subject:
The Battle of Iwo Jima took place on the volcanic island of Iwo Jima, which consisted of seven and one-half square miles. The battle was fought between the United States and Japan during February 19 and March 26, 1945. It was fought during the Pacific campaign led by General MacArthur during World War II.
Review The Setting:
During the Pacific campaign it was very important for the United States to establish airfields in Marianas, Tinian, and Saipan to provide bomber missions against Tokyo and establish U.S bases close to Japan. This helped the U.S a lot but their were still several problems with how far the airfields were and if there were any mechanical problems with the plans, or high heads winds it could impede the safe return of the aircraft. There were Japanese fighters based on Iwo Jima that were based half way from Marianas and Tokyo that exposed U.S bombers. The United States knew they had to come up with a plan to shorten the route for the bomber to safely be able to complete their missions. Shortly after analyzing where to place an airfield, they came up with Iwo Jima. The Commander for the U.S. knew this was not going to be an easy mission and identified establishing airfields on the island would make future missions successful.
Admiral Nimitz, who was Commander in Chief of U.S Pacific Fleet, placed Admiral Raymond A. Spruance in overall command of the battle. During the planning stage for the U.S, the Japanese knew the U.S. was planning…
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